Benefits of E2E Test Automation & Continuous Testing (Part 5: to Wise Testers)

With real Test Automation and CT, manual testers will be more productive and have more fun at work; Motivated ones may become automated testers.

Zhimin Zhan
5 min readAug 25, 2021


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Continuous Testing (enables software teams to release to production daily, unlike fake CI/CD talks. Check out “Continuous Integration at Facebook” and AgileWay Continuous Testing Grading) is the heart of the software development process. It benefits all stakeholders of a software project:

I have full respect for manual testers as I have gained a lot of insight into good automated test design by working closely with these testers as a consultant, programmer or mentor. I have to say, the bad manual testing processes that some organisations forced on the poor manual testers are just cruel.

The Reality

A typical test case design/execution spreadsheet looks like below.

Every time when I see this, the word ‘sweatshop” comes to me. How could we say that we are doing High-Tech if our testers spend most of their time doing these tedious and mostly unuseful tasks day after day? There are many problems with this type of test execution:

  • Written Test Steps are often out of date
    From my memory, > 90% of manual test designs (Excel style) will be wrong after a while. The decision to create these test spreadsheets (quite a lot of effort) is based on the assumption: the application won’t change. However, we know that this assumption is completely wrong, especially for ‘Agile’ projects.

    Some might argue: “if the application changes, we will update the affected test steps in Excel”. Will you really do this every time? I doubt it as I have never met anyone who does.



Zhimin Zhan

Test automation & CT coach, author, speaker and award-winning software developer. Help teams succeed with Agile/DevOps by implementing real Continuous Testing.